Note: You can instead simply use my.SketchUp, which is a cloud/web browser based SketchUp without the procedure below.
As of this writing, Sketchup 2016 32-bit is the most recent SketchUp version that works, even with WINE 2.0. Simply download Sketchup 2016 32-bit and type
To fix error
SketchUp was unable to initialize OpenGL
when trying to use SketchUp under WINE on Linux or Windows,
edit the key:
to have a value of 1.