Related: Full headless Raspberry Pi setup
Why upgrade Raspberry Pi to Debian/Raspbian Stretch 9
It’s worthwhile to upgrade to Debian Stretch 9, to go from system Python 3.4 to 3.6, get QT5, etc. I found it was not worthwhile to upgrade Raspbian in place, as it took several hours and filled my 8 GB SD card. The best way to upgrade the Raspberry Pi operating system is to wipe (erase) the SD card and reload with Debian/Raspbian from scratch as described below.
- Backup your Raspberry Pi data: Backup your Raspberry Pi
~home directory to your PC with
sftpor rsync. The contents of your SD card are erased in the following procedure.
- Download Raspbian Image
- Write Raspbian image to SD card: before and after inserting the SD card into your PC, type
Assuming the SD card was at
unzip -p *raspbian-stretch-lite.zip | sudo dd of=/dev/mmcblk0 bs=4M status=progress conv=fsync
ddfrom instantly saying it’s done, helping avoid mistakenly removing the SD card before it’s done writing.
- This will take 5-10 minutes depending on your SD card speed.
ensures the writing has completed.
- Enable SSH by changing to the SD card
bootdirectory, and type
- eject the SD card from your PC.
Headless Raspberry Pi first boot
You don’t need a monitor and keyboard, the Avahi dæmon on the Raspberry Pi will make it easy to find your Raspberry Pi when you plug into your LAN.
Note: changing the
hostname of your Raspberry Pi also changes the Avahi address correspondingly.
- Put the SD card into the Pi, plug an Ethernet cord into your LAN router/switch and from your PC:
- Update Pi software
apt install rpi-update rpi-update apt update apt upgrade
- Raspberry Pi Configuration
Raspberry Pi reliable long-term install tips
- avoid overclocking beyond one step above minimum.
- Use heatsink kit for high-stakes remote operations.