Ubuntu - Unity, XFCE, etc - making/changing applications shortcuts

For Unity, XFCE, and many more desktop environments, the files that cause programs to show up in your menus and Unity menus are in two places:

  • /usr/share/applications
  • ~/.local/share/applications ← especially for WINE

Sometimes an application might not show up in your menus nicely because it doesn’t have a .desktop file in either of these locations. Try opening one of the .desktop files for a program that works, and saving as a new file, editing for a program you’d like to work the same way.