While GNU Gfortran and Intel Fortran have easy-to-use OpenMPI support pre-built for many platforms, it can be desirable to compile OpenMPI to get the latest version or to support other compilers such as Flang or PGI. Compiling OpenMPI is quite easy and takes only several minutes to compile.
- Download latest OpenMPI source
- This example command configures OpenMPI for Flang
./configure --prefix=$HOME/.local/openmpi4.0.0-flang CC=clang CXX=clang++ F77=flang FC=flang
Don’t just use
$HOME/.localas that spills OpenMPI files into common directories, making it hard to use multiple OpenMPI versions or multiple compilers.
- Build and install OpenMPI:
make -s -j -l 2 make install # no sudo
- add to
CMake for OpenMPI
CMake ≥ 3.10 is recommended for better OpenMPI support.
CMake module works well, and it’s easy to switch between multiple OpenMPI versions installed with
cmake -DMPI_ROOT=$HOME/.local/openmpi-4.0.0/lib ..
As on general for CMake packages, the MPI imported target is highly recommended over the legacy discrete variables, as in this minimal
cmake_minimum_required (VERSION 3.9) project(mpidemo Fortran) find_package(MPI REQUIRED COMPONENTS Fortran) add_executable(mpivers mpivers.f90) target_link_libraries(mpivers MPI::MPI_Fortran)
If it doesn’t work with CMake, try
If that works, try something like:
FC=flang CC=clang cmake -DMPI_Fortran_COMPILER=$HOME/.local/openmpi4.0.0-flang/bin/mpif90 ..
See the modern Fortran 2008 OpenMPI examples